Although the implementation of vaccines has been a crucial issue for the management of the COVID-19 pandemic, it has generated new challenges for the medical, microbiological and legal sciences. With the participation of experts of various scientific fields, the panel will focus on  innovative technologies and the immunological response to new generation vaccines and on the risks of possible side effects. The policies adopted in the field of labor law, aimed at soliciting vaccination, the margins of acceptability of faith-based objection (, and the liability for injury  coming from vaccination (or non-vaccination) will be analyzed.